CHBASE [(#ch)] or
CHBASE (chidx%, chtag%)
|Location||QBASE (DIY Toolkit Vol Q)|
CHBASE is a function which returns the start address of a window definition block. This block contains a wide range of information about a window, such as the size and colour settings. Refer to the QDOS Reference manual Section 18.7 and 18.9.1 (or similar) for further details.
The window can be either specified by its SuperBASIC channel number, eg: CHBASE(#2), where the default is #1, or the internal channel ID; which must be split into index (chidx%) and tag (chtag%) before being passed to CHBASE.
The latter syntax allows you to access the windows of jobs other than the current job.
Inside knowledge about the operating system is necessary to access these tables. Please refer to QDOS system documentation. The structure of the window definition block is different under Thors, original QLs and the Pointer Environment.
CHBASE returns small negative integers if an error occurs, representing the QDOS error code:
- -1 = Window is currently in use, eg. awaiting input.
- -6 = No such channel exists.
- -15 = It’s a channel but not a window.
The current INK colour is found at offset $46, so: INK 7: PRINT PEEK( CHBASE+ HEX(‘46’) ) will print 7, because of the INK 7 command.
It is usually not recommended to close and re-open SuperBASIC channel #0. The following lines check if this has happened, although they will only work under the SuperBASIC interpreter(!). You will find the condition in line 100 is always true for Minerva’s MultiBASIC interpreters and SMS’s SBASIC interpreters: this does no harm - the example is more or less just an example of the syntax of CHBASE…
100 IF CHBASE(0,0) <> CHBASE(#0) THEN 110 UNDER 1: PRINT "Warning": UNDER 0 120 PRINT "Channel #0 is not in it's original state." 130 END IF
See also CHAN_B% and related functions.